The Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) have approved a licence for a trial release of beavers into an 11 ha enclosure on the Lower Estate, Penrith in the Eden Valley in Cumbria. The Lowther Estate is part of the Cumbria Beaver Group that includes Cumbria wildlife Trust, the Eden Rivers Trust and the RSPB. A family of beavers ( 2 adults and four young) from the River Tay in Scotland will be released in March. One of the aims of the trial is to assess the impact of beavers in the upland landscape. (BBC News, The Sun, Daily Star Post, Manchester Evening News, Wildlife News)
According to the Baltic Times, the beaver has been named the Animal of the Year in Latvia – worth celebrating!
The start of the New Year has heralded several articles in the media about the potential benefits that beavers can bring to people (e.g. alleviate flooding, reduce sediment and pollutant levels in rivers) and nature (e.g. create diverse new habitats with a wealth of plants and animals) and refer to the 5-year trial release of beavers on the River Otter in Devon (BBC News, ITV News, The Telegraph, The Independent). The River Otter Beaver Project, run by Devon Wildlife Trust, ends this year and a DEFRA spokesperson has said, “We are committed to reintroducing formerly native species, including beavers, where there are clear environmental and socio-economic benefits. A decision on any future work following the River Otter project will be taken after its conclusion” (The Independent). The National Farmers Union have reiterated concerns about potential damage to farmland by the activities of beavers and that farmers must have the tools necessary to manage such impacts.
In 2020 The National Trust will introduce a pair of beavers into fenced enclosures at both Holnicote (also Atlas Obscura) near Exmoor in the County of Somerset and Valewood, Black Down in the South Downs near Haslemere. The recently announced plans have been approved by Natural England and the impacts of the beavers on the environment will be carefully monitored with the assistance of Exeter University. (The National Trust, BBC, Daily Sabah Europe, The Telegraph, Farnham Herald), In October the current Minister of State (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), Zac Goldsmith, indicated that the Government could allow beavers to be introduced into the wild in England, refereeing to an article written by his brother, Ben Goldsmith entitled ‘The triumphant return of the British beaver’ in the Spectator magazine (The Daily Telegraph). Many farmers have concerns about beaver reintroductions to England and the possible impacts they may have on farming and the countryside (FarmingUK).
In the Altay prefecture in Northern Xinjiang, People’s Republic of China, Chu Wenwen is a wildlife biologist working to try and save the endangered Sino-Mongolian beaver. From a very young age Chu Wenwen has followed and learnt from her father Chu Hongjun, a notable wildlife expert. The Sino-Mongolian beaver, Castor ﬁber birulai, is only found on the Ulungur River and there maybe as few as 500 left. They are particularly under threat because of the expanding human population and pressures on their habitat. Chu Wenwen is trying to teach the local people that the beavers need protection. She has produced films of the beavers, set up an NGO about wildlife protection and next year she aims to build an education centre (see CGTN, also paper: Chu, H. & Jiang, Z. (2009) Distribution and conservation of the Sino-Mongolian beaver Castor fiber birulai in China. Oryx 43: 197-202)
The Diplomat has an interesting article about rangers in Mongolia and the work they do, including looking after a captive group of 48 beavers from Russia and Germany. These are used for reintroduction projects. To quote, “Reintroduction projects haved gained popularity as beaver dams improve watersheds and help restore the natural ecosystem.” Apparently, the captive beavers like music! Not much is known about the population of 300 rare, native beavers living on the Bulgan river in western Mongolia; these belong to a subspecies of the Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber birulai .
A beaver has been seen to the southeast of Loch Lomand in Scotland. The Loch is 36 km long and 1-8 km wide with its southern shores about 23 km northwest of the City of Glasgow. This is a significant sighting since it shows that beavers have made their way west from the River Tay, where beavers were illegally released 10 or more years ago and now number 400-600, via the extensive system of inland waterways including the Rivers Earn and Forth and their tributaries (The Sunday Post).
The Beaver Management Strategy Framework has been published “to help inform decisions regarding the long-term management of beavers, the wetland habitats they establish, and their general activities in the River Otter (Devon, England) in the future” . It can be viewed on the Devon Wildlife Trust web pages.
The Beaver Aquarium, a beaver breeding centre in Voronezh State Biosphere Nature Reserve, was set up in 1924 after hunting was prohibited by The Soviet government; at the time there were few beavers left in the wild. Beavers have been bred at the Aquarium and released since 1934, and now the population in southern Russia is estimated to be >700,000 (Euronews, Restexpert).
A pair of beavers were translocated to Cropton Forest near Pickering in North Yorkshire, England in April as part of a five year trial to see how their dam building would reduce flooding. Recent film shows that the pair have had two kits since their release (ITV News, BBC News, Yorkshire Post, Yahoo News).