Bibliography

Book of Abstracts

  • 6th International Beaver Symposium (2012), held in Ivanic-Grad Croatia from 17-20 September 2012 (pdf).

Books

  • Busher, P. & Dzieciolowski, R. (1999) Beaver Protection, Management, and Utilisation in Europe and North America. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
  • Coles, B. (2006) Beavers in Britain’s Past. Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK.
  • Kitchener, A. & Pollitt, R.(2001) Beavers. Whittet Books Ltd.
  • Morgan, L, (1986) The American beaver: A classic of Natural History and Ecology. Dover Publications, New York.
  • Müller-Schwarze, D. (2011) The Beaver: Its Life and Impact (2nd Edit.). Cornell University press.
  • Müller-Schwarze, D. & Sun, L. (2003) The Beaver: Natural History of a Wetlands Engineer. Cornell University Press.
  • Sjoberg, G. & Ball, J. (2011) Restoring the European Beaver: 50 Years of Experience Pensoft Publishers.
  • Yalden, D., (1999) The Histroy of British Mammals. T. & A.D. Poysner Ltd., London.

Bibliography 1994

  • Olson, R., Hubert, W. & Brown, D. (1994) Beaver Ecology and Management In North America: A Bibliography Of Prominent Literature. University of Wyoming, Laramie.

Articles and Reports

2017

  • Mayer, M., Zedrosser, A., & Rosell, F. (2017) When to leave: the timing of natal dispersal in a large, monogamous rodent, the Eurasian beaver. Animal Behaviour, 123: 375-382. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.11.020.

Abstract: As dispersal is a dangerous part of an individual’s life, its timing is important to increase the chances of survival and successful establishment of a territory. We investigated factors affecting the timing of natal dispersal in the Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber, a territorial, monogamous, long-lived mammal, using data from an 18-year individual-based study (1998–2015). We tested hypotheses about the causes of dispersal onset, namely competitive ability, kin competition (sibling competition and offspring–parent competition), population density and intolerance by an incoming, unrelated dominant individual. Only 9% of individuals remained philopatric and became dominant after both of their parents disappeared. Average age at dispersal was 3.5 years, with some individuals delaying dispersal up to age 7 years. Beavers dispersed more frequently with increasing age (i.e. with increasing competitive ability and possibly experience) and when population density was lower. Further, both females and males delayed dispersal with increasing same-sex parental age. Older parents were either more tolerant towards philopatric subordinates, or subordinates awaited the disappearance of their senescing parents to take over the natal territory. From comparisons with other populations, we conclude that the high population density in our area was possibly the ultimate driver of dispersal with individuals delaying dispersal to increase their competitive ability.

2016

  • Friesen, O. C., & Roth, J. D. (2016) Alternative prey use affects helminth parasite infections in grey wolves. Journal of Animal Ecology, 85: 1265-1274. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12544.

Abstract: * Predators affect prey populations not only through direct predation, but also by acting as definitive hosts for their parasites and completing parasite life cycles. Understanding the affects of parasitism on prey population dynamics requires knowing how their predators’ parasite community is affected by diet and prey availability. Ungulates, such as moose (Alces americanus) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), are often important prey for wolves (Canis lupus), but wolves also consume a variety of alternative prey, including beaver (Castor canadensis) and snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus). * The use of alternative prey, which may host different or fewer parasites than ungulates, could potentially reduce overall abundance of ungulate parasites within the ecosystem, benefiting both wolves and ungulate hosts. * We examined parasites in wolf carcasses from eastern Manitoba and estimated wolf diet using stable isotope analysis. Taeniidae cestodes were present in most wolves (75%), reflecting a diet primarily comprised of ungulates, but nematodes were unexpectedly rare. * Cestode abundance was negatively related to the wolf’s ?13C value, indicating diet affects parasite abundance. Wolves that consumed a higher proportion of beaver and caribou (Rangifer tarandus), estimated using Bayesian mixing models, had lower cestode abundance, suggesting the use of these alternative prey can reduce parasite loads. * Long-term consumption of beavers may lower the abundance of adult parasites in wolves, eventually lowering parasite density in the region and ultimately benefiting ungulates that serve as intermediate hosts. Thus, alternative prey can affect both predator–prey and host–parasite interactions and potentially affect food web dynamics.

  • Gallant, D., Léger, L., Tremblay, É., Berteaux, D., Lecomte, N. & Vasseur, L. (2016) Linking time budgets to habitat quality suggests that beavers (Castor canadensis) are energy maximizers. Canadian Journal of Zoology 94: 671-676.   doi:10.1139/cjz-2016-0016.

Abstract: According to optimal foraging theory, consumers make choices that maximize their net energy intake per unit of time. We used foraging theory as a framework to understand the foraging behaviour of North American beavers (Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820), an important herbivore that engineers new habitats. We tested the hypothesis that beavers are energy maximizers by verifying the prediction that they allocate time to foraging activities independently of habitat quality in Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada in New Brunswick, where nearly five decades of unabated colonization by beavers led to family units established in habitats of varying quality. We observed the behaviour of 27 beavers at seven ponds from May to August 2001, at dusk and dawn. Habitat quality did not influence time that beavers allocated to foraging. This finding supported our hypothesis. The only factor in the best model explaining time spent foraging was the progression of spring and summer seasons (weekly periods). Limiting factors such as infrastructure maintenance and intermittent reactions to danger remain poorly understood for this important herbivore. Future research should focus on establishing the importance that habitat quality (food availability) and environmental stress (weather, predators) have on shaping its time budget and, consequently, its survival and reproductive success.

  • Graf, P. M., Mayer, M., Zedrosser, A., Hackländer, K., & Rosell, F. (2016) Territory size and age explain movement patterns in the Eurasian beaver. Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 81(6): 587-594.

Abstract: Territoriality is only profitable when the benefits gained from territory exploitation exceed the costs of defence, and territory sizes are usually optimized by time constraints related to resource defence (e.g. patrolling) and exploitation. In this study, we equipped 25 dominant Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber) with GPS units to study spatial movement patterns both on land and in water in relation to territory size, resource availability, the number of neighbours, season, and the beavers’ age. We show a territory size-dependent trade-off between territorial behaviours and foraging distances: Beavers in larger territories moved greater distances each night, thereby spending more time patrolling, and stayed closer to the shoreline when being on land (i.e. when foraging). Inversely, in smaller territories beavers patrolled less and foraged further away from the shoreline. These results suggest that individuals trade-off the costs of patrolling larger territories against the benefits of foraging closer towards the shoreline. Smaller territories might be more prone to resource depletion, thus, making foraging further from the shoreline a strategy to ensure sustainable resource use. Further, older beavers spent more time on land and close to territory borders compared to younger ones, suggesting a behavioural change with age possibly due to increased experience and boldness.

  • Law, A., F. McLean, et al. (2016). “Habitat engineering by beaver benefits aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem processes in agricultural streams.” Freshwater Biology 61(4): 486-499.

Abstract: * Small-scale discontinuities, formed by accumulations of wood, are recognised as a key feature of functionally intact forested streams because they promote organic matter retention, increase habitat complexity and provide flow refugia. Re-establishing such features in physically degraded streams is therefore a common priority for restoration schemes. Ecosystem engineering by beavers in the form of dam building might offer a natural mechanism for restoring degraded streams. Despite an increase in beaver reintroductions globally, the ecosystem engineering concept has rarely been applied to restoring biodiversity and ecosystem function, especially within degraded freshwater systems.* By comparing multiple beaver-modified and unmodified sites on headwater streams draining 13 ha of pastureland in eastern Scotland, U.K., we investigated if hydromorphological changes caused by reintroduced beavers (Castor fiber) translate into desirable biological responses when there is a long history of physical degradation and contraction of the regional species pool due to agricultural land use. * Beaver modified in-stream habitat by constructing 10 dams, thus creating a series of interconnected dam pools. Organic matter retention and aquatic plant biomass increased (7 and 20 fold higher respectively) in beaver ponds relative to unmodified channels, consistent with the lower fluctuation in stream stage observed below a series of dams. Growing season concentrations of extractable P and NO3 were on average 49% and 43% lower respectively below a series of dams than above, although colour and suspended solids concentrations increased. * Macroinvertebrate samples from beaver-modified habitats were less taxon rich (alpha diversity on average 27% lower) than those from unmodified stream habitat. However, due to significant compositional differences between beaver versus unmodified habitats, a composite sample from all habitats indicated increased richness at the landscape scale; gamma diversity was 28% higher on average than in the absence of beaver-modified habitat. Feeding guild composition shifted from grazer/scraper and filter feeder dominance in unmodified habitats to shredder and collector-gatherer dominance in beaver-created habitats. * Dam building by beaver in degraded environments can improve physical and biological diversity when viewed at a scale encompassing both modified and unmodified habitats. By restoring ecosystem processes locally, it may also offer wider scale benefits, including greater nutrient retention and flood attenuation. These benefits should be evaluated against evidence of any negative effects on land use or fisheries.

  • McCaffery, M., & Eby, L. (2016) Beaver activity increases aquatic subsidies to terrestrial consumers. Freshwater Biology, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/fwb.12725.

Abstract: * The occurrence and importance of fluxes of nutrients and organic matter between aquatic and terrestrial habitats is well established, but how catchment characteristics influence these fluxes remains unclear. Beaver (Castor canadensis) alter freshwater ecosystems and increase aquatic production, but it is unknown how these changes influence the magnitude and lateral dispersal of aquatic nutrients into terrestrial ecosystems. * We examined differences in abundances of dominant aquatic invertebrates, wolf spiders (Lycosidae), and deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), at beaver and non-beaver sites. We used stable isotopes to track aquatic-derived carbon in terrestrial consumers and linear mixed-effects models to examine the importance of beaver presence and distance from stream channel on the percentage of aquatic-derived carbon in terrestrial consumers. * Sites with beaver activity had >200% higher aquatic invertebrate emergence rates as well as 60% and 75% higher abundances of spiders and deer mice, respectively, relative to non-beaver sites. * The tissues of both spiders and deer mice exhibited a greater percentage of aquatic-derived carbon at sites with beaver activity than at non-beaver sites. * Aquatic-derived carbon in deer mice declined linearly with distance from the stream edge at both beaver and non-beaver sites. The contribution of aquatic-derived carbon in mice extended farther from the stream edge in beaver-modified catchments. Aquatic-derived carbon in spiders also declined linearly with distance from the stream at beaver sites but not at non-beaver sites. * We documented a novel example of increased aquatic subsidy to riparian areas with beaver activity, leading to changes in the magnitude of the lateral dispersal of aquatic nutrient subsidies to the terrestrial environment in small stream systems. Understanding the effects of natural disturbance regimes, such as beaver modification, will be important for management and, where appropriate, restoration of natural catchment processes.

  • Small, B. A., Frey, J. K., & Gard, C. C. (2016) Livestock grazing limits beaver restoration in northern New Mexico. Restoration Ecology, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/rec.12364.

Abstract: The North American beaver (Castor canadensis) builds dams that pond water on streams, which provide crucial ecological services to aquatic and riparian ecosystems and enhance biodiversity. Consequently, there is increasing interest in restoring beavers to locations where they historically occurred, particularly in the arid western United States. However, despite often intensive efforts to reintroduce beavers into areas where they were severely reduced in numbers or eliminated due to overharvesting in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, beavers remain sparse or missing from many stream reaches. Reasons for this failure have not been well studied. Our goal was to evaluate certain biotic factors that may limit the occurrence of dam-building beavers in northern New Mexico, including competitors and availability of summer and winter forage. We compared these factors at primary active dams and at control sites located in stream reaches that were physically suitable for dam-building beavers but where none occurred. Beaver dams mostly occurred at sites that were not grazed or where there was some alternative grazing management, but were mostly absent at sites within Forest Service cattle allotments. Results indicated that cattle grazing influenced the relation between vegetation variables and beaver presence. The availability of willows (Salix spp.) was the most important plant variable for the presence of beaver dams. We conclude that grazing by cattle as currently practiced on Forest Service allotments disrupts the beaver-willow mutualism, rendering stream reaches unsuitable for dam-building beavers. We recommend that beaver restoration will require changes to current livestock management practices.

  • Smith, J., Windels, S., Wolf, T., Klaver, R., & Belant, J. (2016) Do transmitters affect survival and body condition of American beavers (Castor canadensis)? Wildlife Biology, 29 January 2016.

Abstract One key assumption often inferred with using radio-equipped individuals is that the transmitter has no effect on the metric of interest. To evaluate this assumption, we used a known fate model to assess the effect of transmitter type (i.e., tail-mounted or peritoneal implant) on short-term (1 yr) survival and a joint live-dead recovery model and results from a mark-recapture study to compare long-term (8 yr) survival and body condition of ear-tagged only American beavers (Castor canadensis) to those equipped with radio transmitters in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, USA. Short-term (1-yr) survival was not influenced by transmitter type (wi = 0.64). Over the 8-yr study period, annual survival was similar between transmitter-equipped beavers (tail-mounted and implant transmitters combined; 0.76; 95% CI = 0.45–0.91) vs ear-tagged only (0.78; 95% CI = 0.45–0.93). Additionally, we found no difference in weight gain (t9 = 0.25, P = 0.80) or tail area (t11 = 1.25, P = 0.24) from spring to summer between the two groups. In contrast, winter weight loss (t22 = ?2.03, p = 0.05) and tail area decrease (t30 = ?3.04, p = 0.01) was greater for transmitter-equipped (weight = ?3.09 kg, SE = 0.55; tail area = ?33.71 cm2, SE = 4.80) than ear-tagged only (weight = ?1.80 kg, SE = 0.33; tail area = ?12.38 cm2, SE = 5.13) beavers. Our results generally support the continued use of transmitters on beavers for estimating demographic parameters, although we recommend additional assessments of transmitter effects under different environmental conditions.

  • Stringer, A. P., & Gaywood, M. J. (2016) The impacts of beavers Castor spp. on biodiversity and the ecological basis for their reintroduction to Scotland, UK. Mammal Review, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/mam.12068.

Abstract: * In Scotland, UK, beavers became extinct about 400 years ago. Currently, two wild populations are present in Scotland on a trial basis, and the case for their full reintroduction is currently being considered by Scottish ministers. Beavers are widely considered ‘ecosystem engineers’. Indeed, beavers have large impacts on the environment, fundamentally change ecosystems, and create unusual habitats, often considered unique. In this review, we investigate the mechanisms by which beavers act as ecosystem engineers, and then discuss the possible impacts of beavers on the biodiversity of Scotland.
* A meta-analysis of published studies on beavers’ interactions with biodiversity was conducted, and the balance of positive and negative interactions with plants, invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals recorded.
* The meta-analysis showed that, overall, beavers have an overwhelmingly positive influence on biodiversity. Beavers’ ability to modify the environment means that they fundamentally increase habitat heterogeneity. As beavers are central-place foragers that feed only in close proximity to watercourses, their herbivory is unevenly spread in the landscape. In addition, beaver ponds and their associated unique successional stages increase habitat heterogeneity both spatially and temporally. Beavers also influence the ecosystems through the creation of a variety of features such as dams and lodges, important habitat features such as standing dead wood (after inundation), an increase in woody debris, and a graded edge between terrestrial and aquatic habitats that is rich in structural complexity.
* In Scotland, a widespread positive influence on biodiversity is expected, if beavers are widely reintroduced. For instance, beaver activity should provide important habitat for the otter Lutra lutra, great crested newt Triturus cristatus and water vole Arvicola amphibious, all species of conservation importance.
* Beavers are most likely to have detrimental impacts on certain woodland habitats and species of conservation importance, such as the Atlantic hazelwood climax community and aspen Populus tremula woodland. A lack of woodland regeneration caused by high deer abundance could lead to habitat degradation or loss. These are also of particular importance due to the variety of associated dependent species of conservation interest, such as lichen communities in Atlantic hazelwoods.

2015

  • Batty, P. (2015) The Scottish Beaver Trial: Odonata monitoring 2009-2014, final report 32 pp. SNH Commissioned Report No. 785.
  • Bergman, B. G., & Bump, J. K. (2015) Experimental evidence that the ecosystem effects of aquatic herbivory by moose and beaver may be contingent on water body type. Freshwater Biology, 60, 1635-1646.
  • Campbell-Palmer R, D. P. J., Gottstein B, Girling S, Cracknell J, Schwab G, Rossell, F, Pizzi, R. (2015) Echinococcus multilocularis detection in live Eurasian Beavers (Castor fiber) using a combination of laparoscopy and abdominal ultrasound under field conditions. PLoS ONE, 10, e0130842.
  • Crawford, J. C., Bluett, R. D., & Schauber, E. M. (2015) Conspecific Aggression by Beavers (Castor canadensis) in the Sangamon River Basin in Central Illinois: Correlates with Habitat, Age, Sex and Season. The American Midland Naturalist, 173, 145-155.
  • Gaywood, M. (2015) Beavers in Scotland: A report to the Scottish Government. Scottish Natural Heritage, Inverness, Scotland
    Inverness, Scotland 204 pp.
  • Girling SJ, C.-P. R., Pizzi R, Fraser MA, Cracknell J, Arnemo J, Rosell, F. (2015) Haematology and serum biochemistry parameters and variations in the Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber). PLoS ONE 140, 0128775.
  • Gi?ejewska, A., Spodniewska, A., Barski, D., & Fattebert, J. (2014) Beavers indicate metal pollution away from industrial centers in northeastern Poland. Environmental science and pollution research international. Online.
  • Harrington, L., Feber, R., Raynor, R., & Macdonald, D. (2015) The Scottish Beaver Trial: Ecological monitoring of the European beaver Castor fiber and other riparian mammals 2009-2014, final report. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 685., 93 pp.
  • Hood, G. A., & Larson, D. G. (2015) Ecological engineering and aquatic connectivity: a new perspective from beaver-modified wetlands. Freshwater Biology, 60, 198-208.
  • Lazar, J. G., Addy, K., Gold, A. J., Groffman, P. M., McKinney, R. A., & Kellogg, D. Q. (2015) Beaver Ponds: Resurgent Nitrogen Sinks for Rural Watersheds in the Northeastern United States. Journal of Environmental Quality, 44. doi:10.2134/jeq2014.12.0540.
  • Mijangos, J. L., Pacioni, C., Spencer, P. B. S., & Craig, M. D. (2015) Contribution of genetics to ecological restoration. Molecular Ecology, 24, 22-37.
  • Perfect, C., Gilvear, D., Law, A., & Willby, N. (2015) The Scottish Beaver Trial: Fluvial geomorphology and river habitat 2008-2013, final report. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 683, 33 pp.
  • Šim?nková, K., & Vorel, A. (2015) Spatial and temporal circumstances affecting the population growth of beavers. Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 80, 468-476. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2015.07.008.
  • Swinnen, K. R. R., Hughes, N. K., & Leirs, H. (2015) Beaver (Castor fiber) activity patterns in a predator-free landscape. What is keeping them in the dark? Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 80, 477-483.
  • Tayside Beaver Study Group (2015) Tayside Beaver Study Group Final Report.
  • The Beaver Salmonid Working Group (BSWG). (2015) Final Report of The Beaver Salmonid Working Group. The National Species Reintroduction Forum, Inverness., 78 pp.

2014

  • Biedrzycka, A., Konior, M., Babik, W., ?wis?ocka, M., & Ratkiewicz, M. (2014) Admixture of two phylogeographic lineages of the Eurasian beaver in Poland. Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 79, 287-296.
  • Cross, H. B., Zedrosser, A., Nevin, O., & Rosell, F. (2014) Sex Discrimination via anal gland secretion in a territorial monogamous mammal. Ethology, 120, 1044-1052.
  • Curran, J. C., & Cannatelli, K. M. (2014) The impact of beaver dams on the morphology of a river in the eastern United States with implications for river restoration. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39, 1236-1244.
  • Gibson, P.P., Olden, J.D. & O’Neill, M.W. (2014) Beaver dams shift desert fish assemblages toward dominance by non-native species (Verde River, Arizona, USA). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, n/a-n/a.
  • Goryainova, Z. I., Katsman, E. A., Zavyalov, N. A., Khlyap, L. A., & Petrosyan, V. G. (2014) Evaluation of tree and shrub resources of the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber L.) and changes in beaver foraging strategy after resources depletion. Russian Journal of Biological Invasions, 5, 242-254.
  • Horn, S., Prost, S., Stiller, M., Makowiecki, D., Kuznetsova, T., Benecke, N., Pucher, E., Hufthammer, A.K., Schouwenburg, C., Shapiro, B. &  Hofreiter, M. (2014) Ancient mitochondrial DNA and the genetic history of Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) in Europe. Molecular Ecology, 23, 1717-1729.
  • Law, A., Bunnefeld, N.  & Willby, N.J. (2014)  Beavers and lilies: selective herbivory and adaptive foraging behaviour. Freshwater Biology 59, 224-232.
  • Malison, R.L., Lorang, M.S., Whited, D.C. & Stanford, J.A. (2014) Beavers (Castor canadensis) influence habitat for juvenile salmon in a large Alaskan river floodplain. Freshwater Biology, 59, 1229-1246.
  • Manning, A. D., Coles, B. J., Lunn, A. G., Halley, D. J., Ashmole, P., & Fallon, S. J. (2014) New evidence of late survival of beaver in Britain. The Holocene n/a-n/a.
  • Marshall, K. N., Cooper, D. J., & Hobbs, N. T. (2014) Interactions among herbivory, climate, topography, and plant age shape riparian willow dynamics in northern Yellowstone National Park, USA. Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a.
  • McClintic L.F., Taylor J.D., Jones J.C., Singleton R.D. & Wang G. (2014) Effects of spatiotemporal resource heterogeneity on home range size of American beaver. Journal of Zoology 293:134-141.
  • McEwing, R., Frosch, C., Rosell, F. & Campbell-Palmer, R. (2014) A DNA assay for rapid discrimination between beaver species as a tool for alien species management. European Journal of Wildlife Research, n/a-n/a.
  • Runyon, M. J., Tyers, D. B., Sowell, B. F., & Gower, C. N. (2014) Aspen Restoration Using Beaver on the Northern Yellowstone Winter Range under Reduced Ungulate Herbivory. Restoration Ecology 22, 555-561.
  • Senn, H., Ogden, R., Frosch, C., Syr??ková, A., Campbell-Palmer, R., Munclinger, P., Durka, W., Kraus, R.H.S., Saveljev, A.P., Nowak, C., Stubbe, A., Stubbe, M., Michaux, J., Lavrov, V., Samiya, R., Ulevicius, A. & Rosell, F. (2014) Nuclear and mitochondrial genetic structure in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) – implications for future reintroductions. Evolutionary Applications 7, 645-662.
  • Windels, S. K. (2014) Ear-tag loss rates in American beavers. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 38, 122-126.

2013

  • Barták, V., Vorel, A., Šímová, P., & Puš, V. (2013). Spatial spread of Eurasian beavers in river networks: a comparison of range expansion rates. Journal of Animal Ecology, n/a-n/a.
  • Campbell, R.D., Newman, C., Macdonald, D.W., Rosell, F. (2013) Proximate weather patterns and spring green-up phenology effect Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) body mass and reproductive success: the implications of climate change and topography. Global Change Biology 19, 1311-1324.
  • Jones, S., Gow, D., Lloyd Jones, A. & Campbell-Palmer, R. 2013. The battle for British beavers. British Wildlife 24, 381-392.
  • Latham, A.D.M., Latham, M.C., Knopff, K.H., Hebblewhite, M. & Boutin, S. (2013). Wolves, white-tailed deer, and beaver: implications of seasonal prey switching for woodland caribou declines. Ecography, no-no.
  • Parker, H., Nummi, P., Hartman, G. & Rosell, F. (2013) Invasive North American beaver Castor canadensis in Eurasia: a review of potential consequences and a strategy for eradication. Wildlife Biology 18, 354-365.
  • Senn, H., Ogden, R., Cezard, T., Gharbi, K., Iqbal, Z., Johnson, E., Kamps-Hughes, N., Rosell, F. &  McEwing, R. (2013) Reference-free SNP discovery for the Eurasian beaver from restriction site–associated DNA paired-end data. Molecular Ecology 22, 3141–3150.
  • Smith, J.M. & Mather, M.E. (2013) Beaver dams maintain fish biodiversity by increasing habitat heterogeneity throughout a low-gradient stream network. Freshwater Biology, n/a-n/a.
  • Wohl, E. (2013). Landscape-scale carbon storage associated with beaver dams. Geophysical Research Letters, n/a-n/a.

2012

  • Campbell-Palmer, R., Girling, S., Rosell, F., Paulsen, P., & Goodman, G. (2012). Echinococcus risk from imported beavers. Veterinary Record, 170, 235.
  • Campbell, R., Harrington, A., Ross, A., & Harrington, L. A. (2012). Distribution, population assessment and activities of beavers in Tayside: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report 540.
  • Campbell, R. D., Nouvellet, P., Newman, C., Macdonald, D. W., & Rosell, F. (2012). The influence of mean climate trends and climate variance on beaver survival and recruitment dynamics. Global Change Biology, 18, 2730-2742.
  • Harding, J. (2012). Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Restoration Ecology, 20(4), 541-543.
  • Kemp, P. S., Worthington, T. A., Langford, T. E. L., Tree, A. R. J., & Gaywood, M. J. (2012). Qualitative and quantitative effects of reintroduced beavers on stream fish. Fish and Fisheries, 13, 158-181.
  • McColley, S. D., Tyers, D. B., & Sowell, B. F. (2012). Aspen and Willow Restoration Using Beaver on the Northern Yellowstone Winter Range. Restoration Ecology, 20(4), 450-455.
  • Moran, D., & Hanley-Nickolls, R. (2012). The Scottish Beaver Trial: Socio-economic monitoring – First report 2011: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.482.
  • Pli?rait?, V., & Kesminas, V. (2012). Ecological impact of Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) activity on macroinvertebrate communities in Lithuanian trout streams. Central European Journal of Biology, 7(1), 101-114.
  • Polvi, L. & Wohl, E. (2012). The beaver meadow complex revisited – the role of beavers in post-glacial floodplain development. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 37, 332-346.
  • Rosell, F., Campbell-Palmer, R., & Parker, H. (2012). More genetic data are needed before populations are mixed: response to ‘Sourcing Eurasian beaver Castor fiber stock for reintroductions in Great Britain and Western Europe. Mammal Review, 420, 319-324.

2011

  • Ciechanowski, M., Kubic, W., Rynkiewicz, A., & Zwolicki, A. (2011). Reintroduction of beavers Castor fiber may improve habitat quality for vespertilionid bats foraging in small river valleys. European Journal of Wildlife Research.
  • Dewas, M., Herr, J., Schley, L., Angst, C., Manet, B., Landry, P., et al. (2011). Recovery and status of native and introduced beavers Castor fiber and Castor canadensis in France and neighbouring countries. Mammal Review, no-no.
  • Frosch, C., Haase, P., & Nowak, C. (2011). First set of microsatellite markers for genetic characterization of the Eurasian beaver (<i>Castor fiber</i>) based on tissue and hair samples. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57(3), 679-682.
  • Fuller, M., & Peckarsky, l. B. (2011). Does the morphology of beaver ponds alter downstream ecosystems? Hydrobiologia, 668, 35-48.
  • Harrington, L., Feber, R., & Macdonald, D. (2011). The Scottish Beaver Trial: Ecological monitoring of the European beaver Castor fiber and other riparian mammals – First Annual Report 2010: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 450.
  • Horn, S., Durka, W., Wolf, R., Ermala, A., Stubbe, A., Stubbe, M., et al. (2011). Mitochondrial Genomes Reveal Slow Rates of Molecular Evolution and the Timing of Speciation in Beavers (Castor), One of the Largest Rodent Species. PLOS ONE, 6.
  • Janzen, K., & Westbrook, C. J. (2011). Hyporheic Flows Along a Channelled Peatland: Influence of Beaver Dams. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 36(4), 331-347.
  • Jones, A., Halley, D., Gow, D., Branscombe, J., & Aykroyd, T. (2011). Welsh Beaver Assessment Initiative Report: An investigation into the feasibility of reintroducing European Beaver (Castor fiber) to Wales.: Wildlife Trusts Wales, UK.
  • Kloskowski, J. (2011). Human–wildlife conflicts at pond fisheries in eastern Poland: perceptions and management of wildlife damage. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57(2), 295-304.
  • Korablev, N., Korablev, M., & Korablev, P. (2011). Introduction of alien species and microevolution: The European beaver, raccoon dog, and American mink. Biology Bulletin, 38(2), 146-155.
  • McColley, S. D., Tyers, D. B., & Sowell, B. F. (2011). Aspen and Willow Restoration Using Beaver on the Northern Yellowstone Winter Range. Restoration Ecology, no-no.
  • Moore, B., Sim, D., & Iason, G. (2011). The Scottish Beaver Trial: Woodland monitoring 2010.: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.462.
  • Müller-Schwarze, D. (2011). The Beaver; its Life and Impact (2nd Edit.): Cornell University press.
  • Nislow, K. H., Hudy, M., Letcher, B. H., & Smith, E. P. (2011). Variation in local abundance and species richness of stream fishes in relation to dispersal barriers: implications for management and conservation. Freshwater Biology, no-no.
  • Nyssen, J., Pontzeele, J., & Billi, P. (2011). Effect of beaver dams on the hydrology of small mountain streams: Example from the Chevral in the Ourthe Orientale basin, Ardennes, Belgium. Journal of Hydrology, 402(1-2), 92-102.
  • Obidzinski, A., Orczewska, A., & Cieloszczyk, P. (2011). The impact of beavers’ (Castor fiber l.) Lodges on vascular plant species diversity in forest landscape. Polish Journal of Ecology, 59, 69-79.
  • Perfect, C., & Gilvear, D. (2011). The Scottish Beaver Trial: Collection of fluvial geomorphology and river habitat data 2010: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 489.
  • Pizzi, R. (2011). Keyhole Sterilisation of Beavers at Lower Mill Estate.  The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, pp. 5.
  • Rosell, F., Campbell-Palmer, R., & Parker, H. (2011). More genetic data are needed before populations are mixed: response to ‘Sourcing Eurasian beaver Castor fiber stock for reintroductions in Great Britain and Western Europe’. Mammal Review, no-no.
  • Ruys, T., Lorvelec, O., Marre, A., & Bernez, I. (2011). River management and habitat characteristics of three sympatric aquatic rodents: common muskrat, coypu and European beaver. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 1-14.
  • Shine, R. (2011). Invasive species as drivers of evolutionary change: cane toads in tropical Australia. Evolutionary Applications, no-no.
  • Singer, E. E., & Gangloff, M. M. (2011). Effects of a small dam on freshwater mussel growth in an Alabama (U.S.A.) stream. Freshwater Biology, 56(9), 1904-1915.
  • Sjoberg, G., & Ball, J. (2011). Restoring the European Beaver: 50 Years of Experience Pensoft Publishers.
  • Willby, N., Casas Mulet, R., & Perfect, C. (2011). The Scottish Beaver Trial: Monitoring and further baseline survey of the aquatic and semi-aquatic macrophytes of the lochs 2009: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 455.

2010

  • Alexandre, C., & Almeida, P. (2010). The impact of small physical obstacles on the structure of freshwater fish assemblages. River Research and Applications, 26(8), 977-994.
    Bartel, R., Haddad, N., & Wright, J. (2010). Ecosystem engineers maintain a rare species of butterfly and increase plant diversity. Oikos, 119(5), 883-890.
  • Bloomquist, C., & Nielsen, C. (2010). Demography of Unexploited Beavers in Southern Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74, 228-235.
  • Burchsted, D., Daniels, M., Thorson, R., & Vokoun, J. (2010). The River Discontinuum: Applying Beaver Modifications to Baseline Conditions for Restoration of Forested Headwaters. BioScience, 60(11), 908-922.
  • Campbell-Palmer, R., & Rosell, F. (2010). Conservation of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber: an olfactory perspective. Mammal Review, 40(4), 293-312.
  • Cummings, J., Peeters, P., Dovers, S., Tasker, L., & Driscoll, D. A. (2010). Workshop report: ‘The Worlds of Ecology and Environmental Policy: Never the Two Shall Meet?’. Ecological Management & Restoration, 11(2), 152-156.
  • Elosegi, A., Díez, J., & Mutz, M. (2010). Effects of hydromorphological integrity on biodiversity and functioning of river ecosystems. Hydrobiologia.
  • Environment Agency (2010). Finding solutions for Belford: reducing flood risk through catchment management.  Environment Agency, 2 pp.
  • Feranec, R., García, N., DÍez, J. C., & Arsuaga, J. L. (2010). Understanding the ecology of mammalian carnivorans and herbivores from Valdegoba cave (Burgos, northern Spain) through stable isotope analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 297(2), 263-272.
  • Halley, D. J. (2010). Sourcing Eurasian beaver Castor fiber stock for reintroductions in Great Britain and Western Europe. Mammal Review, no-no.
  • Hofreiter, M., & Barnes, I. (2010). Diversity lost: are all Holarctic large mammal species just relict populations? BMC Biology, 8(1), 46.
  • Kemp, P., Worthington, T., & Langford, T. (2010). A critical review of the effects of beavers upon fish and fish stocks. (No. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 349 (iBids No. 8770).): Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 349 (iBids No. 8770). (pdf)
  • Milligan, H., & Humphries, M. (2010). The importance of aquatic vegetation in beaver diets and the seasonal and habitat specificity of aquatic terrestrial ecosystem linkages in a subarctic environment. Oikos, 119, 1877-1886.
  • Mott, C., Bloomquist, C., & Nielsen, C. (2010). Seasonal, diel, and ontogenetic patterns of within-den behavior in beavers (Castor canadensis) Mammalian Biology.
  • Nogaro, G., Datry, T., Mermillod-Blondin, F., Descloux, S., & Montuelle, B. (2010). Influence of streambed sediment clogging on microbial processes in the hyporheic zone. Freshwater Biology, 9999(9999).
  • Palmer, M. A., Menninger, H. L., & Bernhardt, E. (2010). Freshwater Biology, 55, 205.
  • Pelech, S. A., Smith, J. N. M., & Boutin, S. (2010). A predator’s perspective of nest predation: predation by red squirrels is learned, not incidental. Oikos, 119(5), 841-851.
  • Pollock, K. G. J., Ternent, H. E., Mellor, D. J., Chalmers, R. M., Smith, H. V., Ramsay, C. N., et al. (2010). Spatial and Temporal Epidemiology of Sporadic Human Cryptosporidiosis in Scotland. Zoonoses and Public Health, 57(7-8), 487-492.
  • Robinson, G., & Chalmers, R. M. (2010). The European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), a Source of Zoonotic Cryptosporidiosis. Zoonoses and Public Health, 57(7-8), e1-e13.
  • Rybczynski, N., Ross, E., Samuels, J., & Korth, W. (2010). Re-Evaluation of Sinocastor (Rodentia: Castoridae) with Implications on the Origin of Modern Beavers. PLOS ONE, 5, e13990.
  • S, L., G, P., & Ormerod, S. (2010). Experimental effects of sediment deposition on the structure and function of macroinvertebrate assemblages in temperate streams. River Research and Applications, 9999(9999), n/a.
  • Taylor, B., MacInnis, C., & Floyd, T. (2010). Influence of rainfall and beaver dams on upstream movement of spawning Atlantic salmon in a restored brook in Nova scotia, Canada. River Research and Applications, 26(2), 183-193.
  • Westbrook, C., Cooper, D., & Baker, B. (2010). Beaver assisted river valley formation. River Research and Applications, 27(2), 247-256.
  • Wilkinson, M., Quinn, P., & Welton, P. (2010). Runoff management during the September 2008 floods in the Belford catchment, Northumberland. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 3, 285-295.

2009

  • Clara, S. (2009). Intraspecific variability of beaver teeth (Castoridae: Rodentia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 155(4), 926-936.
  • Fausch, K., Rieman, B., Dunham, J., Young, M., & Peterson, D. (2009). Invasion versus Isolation: Trade-Offs in Managing Native Salmonids with Barriers to Upstream Movement. Conservation Biology, 23(4), 859-870.
  • Jarema, S. I., Samson, J., McGill, B. J., & Humphries, M. M. (2009). Variation in abundance across a species’ range predicts climate change responses in the range interior will exceed those at the edge: a case study with North American beaver. Global Change Biology, 15(2), 508-522.
  • Jones, K., Gilvear, D., Willby, N., & Gaywood, M. (2009). Willow (Salix spp.) and aspen (Populus tremula) regrowth after felling by the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber): implications for riparian woodland conservation in Scotland. Aquatic Conservation: Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems, 19, 75–87.
  • Kasahara, T., Datry, T., Mutz, M., & Boulton, A. (2009). Treating causes not symptoms: restoration of surface-groundwater interactions in rivers. Marine and Freshwater Research, 60, 976-981.
  • Peinetti, H. R., Baker, B. W., & Coughenour, M. B. (2009). Simulation modeling to understand how selective foraging by beaver can drive the structure and function of a willow community. Ecological Modelling, 220(7), 998-1012.
  • Thorson, R. M. (2009). Beyond Waiden: The Hidden History of America’s Kettle Lakes and Ponds: Walker & Company.

2008

  • Gaywood, M., Batty, D., & Galbraith, C. (2008). Reintroducing the European Beaver in Britain. British Wildlife, 19(6), 381-391.
  • Gurnell, J., Gurnell, A. M., Demeritt, D., Lurz, P. W. W., Shirley, M. D. F., Rushton, S. P., et al. (2008). The Feasibility and Acceptability of Reintroducing the European Beaver to England. . Sheffield, UK: Natural England/People’s Trust for Endangered Species, Sheffield, UK.
  • Hood, G. A., & Bayley, S. E. (2008). Beaver (Castor canadensis) mitigate the effects of climate on the area of open water in boreal wetlands in western Canada. Biological Conservation, 141(2), 556-567.
  • Nummi, P., & Hahtola, A. (2008). The beaver as an ecosystem engineer facilitates teal breeding. Ecography, 31, 519-524.
  • Sear, D., & Devries, P. (Eds.). (2008). Salmonid Spawning Habitat in Rivers: Physical Controls, Biological Responses, and Approaches to Remediation. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society.
  • Trial, S. B. (2008). Scottish Beaver Trial. Retrieved 30th September 2008, 2008, from http://www.scottishbeavers.org.uk/

2007

  • Anderson, C. B., & Rosemond, A. D. (2007). Ecosystem engineering by invasive exotic beavers reduces in-stream diversity and enhances ecosystem function in Cape Horn, Chile. Oecologia, 154(1), 141-153.
  • Bierla, J. B., Gizejewski, Z., Leigh, C. M., Ekwall, H., Soderquist, L., Rodriguez-Martinez, H., et al. (2007). Sperm morphology of the Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber: An example of a species of rodent with highly derived and pleiomorphic sperm populations. Journal of Morphology, 268(8), 683-689.
  • Boyle, S., & Owens, S. (2007). North American Beaver (Castor canadensis): A Technical Conservation Assessment. Montrolse, Colorado, USA: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Species Conservation Project.
  • Bremner, A., & Park, K. (2007). Public attitudes to the management of non-invasive species in Scotland. Biological Conservation, 139, 306-314.
  • Burdock, G. A. (2007). Safety assessment of castoreum extract as a food ingredient. International Journal of Toxicology, 26(1), 51-55.
  • Campbell, R., Dutton, A., & Hughes, J. (2007). Economic Impacts of the beaver. Oxford: University of Oxford.
  • Cole, M., Kitchener, A., & Yalden, D. (2007). Eurasian beaver. In S. Harris & D. Yalden (Eds.), Mammals of the British Isles 4th Edition (pp. 72-76). Southampton, UK: The Mammal Society.
  • Defra. (2007). 2007 Survey of Public Attitudes and Behaviours Toward the Environment http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/statistics/pubatt/download/pubattsum2007.pdf. London: Defra.
  • Defra. (2007). An introductory guide to valuing ecosytem services. London: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
  • Falandysz, J., Taniyasu, S., Yamashita, N., Rostkowski, P., Zalewski, K., & Kannan, K. (2007). Perfluorinated compounds in some terrestrial and aquatic wildlife species from Poland. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part a-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, 42(6), 715-719.
  • Fox-Dobbs, K., Bump, J. K., Peterson, R. O., Fox, D. L., & Koch, P. L. (2007). Carnivore-specific stable isotope variables and variation in the foraging ecology of modern and ancient wolf populations: case studies from Isle Royale, Minnesota, and La Brea. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 85(4), 458-471.
  • Fustec, J., Cormier, J.-P. . (2007). Utilisation of woody plants for lodge construction by European beaver (Castor fiber) in the Loire valley, France. Mammalia, 71 (1/2), 11-15.
  • Geertsema, M., & Pojar, J. J. (2007). Influence of landslides on biophysical diversity — A perspective from British Columbia. Geomorphology, 89(1-2), 55-69.
  • Gorman, M. L. (2007). Restoring ecological balance to the British mammal fauna. Mammal Review, 37(4), 316-325.
  • Haider, S., & Jax, K. (2007). The application of environmental ethics in biological conservation: a case study from the southernmost tip of the Americas. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16(9), 2559-2573.
  • Hood, G. A., Bayley, S. E., & Olson, W. (2007). Effects of prescribed fire on habitat of beaver (Castor canadensis) in Elk Island National Park, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management, 239(1-3), 200-209.
  • Jakes, A. F., Snodgrass, J. W., & Burger, J. (2007). Castor canadensis (Beaver) impoundment associated with geomorphology of southeastern streams. Southeastern Naturalist, 6(2), 271-282.
  • Jette, M. M. (2007). “Beaver are numerous, but the natives … will not hunt them” – Native-fur trader relations in the Willamette Valley, 1812-1814. Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 98(1), 3-17.
  • Karthaus, J. (2007). Beaver explosion. New Scientist, 195(2622), 25-25.
  • Komosa, M., Frackowiak, H., & Godynicki, S. (2007). Skulls of Neolithic Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber L.) in comparison with skulls of contemporary beavers from natural biotopes of Wielkopolska region (Poland). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16(5), 697-704.
  • Krylov, A. V., Chalova, I. V., & Tsel’movich, O. L. (2007). Cladocerans under conditions of small river damming by man and beavers. Russian Journal of Ecology, 38(1), 34-38.
  • LeBlanc, F. A., Gallant, D., Vasseur, L., & Leger, L. (2007). Unequal summer use of beaver ponds by river otters: influence of beaver activity, pond size, and vegetation cover. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 85(7), 774-782.
  • Longcore, T., Rich, C., & Muller-Schwarze, D. (2007). Management by assertion: Beavers and songbirds at Lake Skinner (Riverside County, California). Environmental Management, 39(4), 460-471.
  • Lorimer, J. (2007). Nonhuman charisma. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25, 911-932.
  • Mendez-Hermida, F., Gomez-Couso, H., Romero-Suances, R., & Ares-Mazas, E. (2007). Cryptosporidium and Giardia in wild otters (Lutra lutra). Veterinary Parasitology, 144(1-2), 153-156.
  • Menninger, H. L., & Palmer, M. A. (2007). Freshwater Biology, 52(null), 1689.
  • Meyer, J. L., Strayer, D. L., Wallace, J. B., Eggert, S. L., Helfman, G. S., & Loenard, N. E. (2007). Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 43(null), 86.
  • Mitchell, S. C., & Cunjak, R. A. (2007). Stream flow, salmon and beaver dams: roles in the structuring of stream fish communities within an anadromous salmon dominated stream. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76(6), 1062-1074.
  • Müller, W., Bocklisch, H., Schüler, G., Hotzel, H., Neubauer, H., & Otto, P. (2007). Detection of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in a European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) in Thuringia, Germany. Veterinary Microbiology, 123(1-3), 225-229.
  • Nilsen, E., Milner-Gulland, E., Schofield, L., Mysterud, A., N.Chr, S., & Coulson, T. (2007). Wolf reintroduction to Scotland: public attitudes and consequences for red deer management. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274, 995-1002.
  • Noble, T., Johnson, E., & Miyanishi, K. (2007). Impact of beaver (Castor canadensis kuhl) foraging on species composition of boreal forests. In Plant Disturbance Ecology (pp. 579-602). Burlington: Academic Press.
  • Parker, H., & Ronning, O. C. (2007). Low potential for restraint of anadromous salmonid reproduction by beaver Castor fiber in the Numedalslagen River catchment, Norway. River Research and Applications, 23(7), 752-762.
  • Parker, H., Rosell, F., & Mysterud, A. (2007). Harvesting of males delays female breeding in a socially monogamous mammal; the beaver. Biology Letters, 3(1), 106-108.
  • Parker, J. D., Caudill, C. C., & Hay, M. E. (2007). Beaver herbivory on aquatic plants. Oecologia, 151(4), 616-625.
  • Pollock, M. M., Beechie, T. J., & Jordan, C. E. (2007). Geomorphic changes upstream of beaver dams in Bridge Creek, an incised stream channel in the interior Columbia River basin, eastern Oregon. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32(8), 1174-1185.
  • POST. (2007). Ecosystem services: Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.
  • Scottish_Wildlife_Trust. (2007). Trial reintroduction of the European beaver to Knapdale, Mid-Argyll: Local consultation report. Retrieved 7 July 2008, from http://www.swt.org.uk/Uploads/Downloads/BeaverConsultationReport_Dec07.pdf
  • Seddon, P. J., Armstrong, D. P., & Maloney, R. F. (2007). Developing the science of reintroduction biology. Conservation Biology, 21(2), 303-312.
  • Shirley, M. D. F., Lurz, P. W. W., & Rushton, S. P. (2007). Modelling the population dynamics of hedgehogs on the Outer Hebrides with a view towards eradication. Edinburgh: Rep. No. 15365. Scottish Natural Heritage. .
  • Stevens, C. E., Paszkowski, C. A., & Foote, A. L. (2007). Beaver (Castor canadensis) as a surrogate species for conserving anuran amphibians on boreal streams in Alberta, Canada. Biological Conservation, 134(1), 1-13.
  • Thomsen, L. R., Campbell, R. D., & Rosell, F. (2007). Tool-use in a display behaviour by Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber). Animal Cognition, 10(4), 477-482.
  • Ulevi?ius, A., & Janulaitis, M. (2007). Abundance and species diversity of small mammals on beaver lodges. Ekologija, 53(4), 38-43.
  • VerCauteren, K. C., Seward, N. W., Lavelle, M. J., Fischer, J. W., & Phillips, G. E. (2007). A fence design for excluding elk without impeding other wildlife. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 60(5), 529-532.
  • Vines, G. (2007a). Don’t fear the beaver. New Scientist, 195(2618), 42-45.
  • Vines, G. (2007b). The beaver: destructive pest or climate saviour? New Scientist, 2618, 42-45.
  • Wallem, P. K., Jones, C. G., Marquet, P. A., & Jaksic, F. M. (2007). Identifying the mechanisms underlying the invasion of Castor canadensis (Rodentia) into Tierra del Fuego archipelago, Chile. Revista Chilena De Historia Natural, 80(3), 309-325.
  • Williams, N. (2007). A beaver’s tale. Current Biology, 17(13), R490.
  • Wolf, E. C., Cooper, D. J., & Hobbs, N. T. (2007). Hydrologic regime and herbivory stabilize an alternative state in yellowstone national park. Ecological Applications, 17(6), 1572-1587.

2006

  • Anderson, C. B., Griffith, C. R., Rosemond, A. D., Rozzi, R., & Dollenz, O. (2006). The effects of invasive North American beavers on riparian plant communities in Cape Horn, Chile – Do exotic beavers engineer differently in sub-Antarctic ecosystems? Biological Conservation, 128(4), 467-474.
  • Anderson, C. B., Rozzi, R., Torres-Mura, J. C., McGehee, S. M., Sherriffs, M. F., Schuettler, E., et al. (2006). Exotic vertebrate fauna in the remote and pristine sub-antarctic Cape Horn Archipelago, Chile. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15(10), 3295-3313.
  • Ayllon, F., Moran, P., & Garcia-Vazquez, E. (2006). Maintenance of a small anadromous subpopulation of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) by straying Freshwater Biology, 51(null), 351-358.
  • Bailey, J. K., & Whitham, T. G. (2006). Interactions between cottonwood and beavers positively affect sawfly abundance. Ecological Entomology, 31(4), 294-297.
  • Baker, B. W. (2006). Efficacy of tail-mounted transmitters for beaver. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(1), 218-222.
  • Barisone, G., Argenti, P., & Kotsakis, T. (2006). Plio-Pleistocene evolution of the genus Castor (Rodentia, Mammalia) in Europe: C-fiber plicidens of Pietrafitta (Perugia, Central Italy). Geobios, 39(6), 757-770.
  • Bertolo, A., & Magnan, P. (2006). Spatial and environmental correlates of fish community structure in Canadian Shield lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63(12), 2780-2792.
  • Bräuer, I. (2006). Annex 9. Restoring ecosystem services by reintroducing a keystone species – case study on the cast and benefits of beaver reintroduction in Germany. Brussels, Belgium: Final report for the European Commission. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP).
  • Butler, D. R. (2006). Human-induced changes in animal populations and distributions, and the subsequent effects on fluvial systems. Geomorphology, 79(3-4), 448-459.
  • Coles, B. (2006). Beavers in Britain’s Past. Oxford, UK: Oxbow Books.
  • Cooper, D. J., Dickens, J., Hobbs, N. T., Christensen, L., & Landrum, L. (2006). Hydrologic, geomorphic and climatic processes controlling willow establishment in a montane ecosystem. Hydrological Processes, 20(8), 1845-1864.
  • Cunningham, J. M., Calhoun, A. J. K., & Glanz, W. E. (2006). Patterns of beaver colonization and wetland change in Acadia National Park. Northeastern Naturalist, 13(4), 583-596.
  • Davis, R. B., Anderson, D. S., Dixit, S. S., Appleby, P. G., & Schauffler, M. (2006). Responses of two New Hampshire (USA) lakes to human impacts in recent centuries. Journal of Paleolimnology, 35(4), 669-697.
  • DeStefano, S., Koenen, K. K. G., Henner, C. M., & Strules, J. (2006). Transition to independence by subadult beavers (Castor canadensis) in an unexploited, exponentially growing population. Journal of Zoology, 269(4), 434-441.
  • Eftec. (2006). Valuing our natural environment: Report for Defra.
  • Fayer, R., Santin, M., Trout, J. M., DeStefano, S., Koenen, K., & Kaur, T. (2006). Prevalence of microsporidia, Cryptosporidium spp., and Giardia spp. in beavers (Castor canadensis) in Massachusetts. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 37(4), 492-497.
  • Friedman, J. M., Auble, G. T., Andrews, E. D., Kittel, G., Madole, R. F., Griffin, E. R., et al. (2006). Transverse and longitudinal variation in woody riparian vegetation along a montane river. Western North American Naturalist, 66(1), 78-91.
  • Haarberg, O., & Rosell, F. (2006). Selective foraging on woody plant species by the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) in Telemark, Norway. Journal of Zoology, 270(2), 201-208.
  • Hardman, B., & Moro, D. (2006). Optimising reintroduction success by delayed dispersal: Is the release protocol important for hare-wallabies? Biological Conservation, 128(3), 403-411.
  • Hartman, G., & Tornlov, S. (2006). Influence of watercourse depth and width on dam-building behaviour by Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Journal of Zoology, 268(2), 127-131.
  • Herr, J., Muller-Schwarze, D., & Rosell, F. (2006). Resident beavers (Castor canadensis) do not discriminate between castoreum scent marks from simulated adult and subadult male intruders. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 84(4), 615-622.
  • Jonker, S. A., Muth, R. M., Organ, J. F., Zwick, R. R., & Siemer, W. F. (2006). Experiences with beaver damage and attitudes of Massachusetts residents toward beaver. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(4), 1009-1021.
  • Kettunen, M., & ten Brink, P. (2006). Value of biodiversity: documenting EU examples where biodiversity loss has led to the loss of ecosystem services. Brussels, Belgium: The Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP).
  • Kondolf, G. M. (2006). Ecology and Society, 11(null), 5.
  • Lang, D. W., Reeves, G. H., Hall, J. D., & Wipfli, M. S. (2006). The influence of fall-spawning coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) on growth and production of juvenile coho salmon rearing in beaver ponds on the Copper River Delta, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63(4), 917-930.
  • Lautz, L. K., Siegel, D. I., & Bauer, R. L. (2006). Impact of debris dams on hyporheic interaction along a semi-arid stream. Hydrological Processes, 20(1), 183-196.
  • Longcore, J. R., McAuley, D. G., Pendelton, G. W., Bennatti, C. R., Mingo, T. M., & Stromborg, K. L. (2006). Macroinvertebrate abundance, water chemistry, and wetland characteristics affect use of wetlands by avian species in Maine. Hydrobiologia, 567, 143-167.
  • Margaleti?, J., Grubeši?, M., Dušak, V., Konjevi?, D. (2006). Activity of European beavers (Castor fiber L.) in young pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forests. Veterinarski Arhiv, 76 (Suppl.), S167-S175.
  • Maringer, A., & Slotta-Bachmayr, L. (2006). A GIS-based habitat-suitability model as a tool for the management of beavers Castor fiber. Acta Theriologica, 51(4), 373-382.
  • Martell, K. A., Foote, A. L., & Cumming, S. G. (2006). Riparian disturbance due to beavers (Castor canadensis) in Alberta’s boreal mixedwood forests: Implications for forest management. Ecoscience, 13(2), 164-171.
  • Nolet, B., Spitzen, A., Van Leijsen, J., & Dijkstra, V. (2006). Bevers in de Biesbosch: griendwerkers van de toekomst? Landschap 23, 171-180.
  • Padhi, R., & Balakrishnan, S. N. (2006). Optimal management of beaver population using a reduced-order distributed parameter model and single network adaptive critics. Ieee Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 14(4), 628-640.
  • Parker, H., Rosell, F., & Danielsen, J. (2006). Efficacy of cartridge type and projectile design in the harvest of beaver. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(1), 127-130.
  • Pastur, G. M., Lencinas, M. V., Escobar, J., Quiroga, P., Malmierca, L., & Lizarralde, M. (2006). Understorey succession in Nothofagus forests in Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) affected by Castor canadensis. Applied Vegetation Science, 9(1), 143-154.
  • Rosell, F., Parker, H., & Steifetten, O. (2006). Use of dawn and dusk sight observations to determine colony size and family composition in Eurasian beaver Castor fiber. Acta Theriologica, 51(1), 107-112.
  • Rosell, F., & Sanda, J. (2006). Potential risks of olfactory signaling: the effect of predators on scent marking by beavers. Behavioral Ecology, 17(6), 897-904.
  • Rosell, F., & Thomsen, L. R. (2006). Sexual dimorphism in territorial scent marking by adult eurasian beavers (Castor fiber). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32(6), 1301-1315.
  • Rushton, S. P., Lurz, P. W. W., Gurnell, J., Nettleton, P., Bruemmer, C., Shirley, M. D. F., et al. (2006). Disease threats posed by alien species: the role of a poxvirus in the decline of the native red squirrel in Britain. Epidemiology and Infection, 134, 521-533.
  • Schmidt, K., & Kowalczyk, R. (2006). Using scent-marking stations to collect hair samples to monitor Eurasian lynx populations. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(2), 462-466.
  • Sigourney, D. B., Letcher, B. H., & Cunjak, R. A. (2006). Influence of beaver activity on summer growth and condition of age-2 Atlantic salmon parr. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 135(4), 1068-1075.
  • Skewes, O., Gonzalez, F., Olave, R., Avila, A., Vargas, V., Paulsen, P., et al. (2006). Abundance and distribution of American beaver, Castor canadensis (Kuhl 1820), in Tierra del Fuego and Navarino islands, Chile. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 52(4), 292-296.
  • Snyder, C. D., Young, J. A., & Stout, B. M. (2006). Aquatic habitats of Canaan Valley, West Virginia: Diversity and environmental threats. Northeastern Naturalist, 13(3), 333-352.
  • Stevens, C. E., Paszkowski, C. A., & Scrimgeour, G. J. (2006). Older is better: Beaver ponds on boreal streams as breeding habitat for the wood frog. Journal of Wildlife Management, 70(5), 1360-1371.
  • Velinsky, D. J., Bushaw-Newton, K. L., Kreeger, D. A., & Johnson, T. E. (2006). Effects of small dam removal on stream chemistry in southeastern Pennsylvania. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 25(3), 569-582.
  • Veraart, A. J., Nolet, B. A., Rosell, F., & de Vries, P. P. (2006). Simulated winter browsing may lead to induced susceptibility of willows to beavers in spring. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 84(12), 1733-1742.
  • Westbrook, C. J., Cooper, D. J., & Baker, B. W. (2006). Beaver dams and overbank floods influence groundwater-surface water interactions of a Rocky Mountain riparian area. Water Resources Research, 42(6), 12.
  • Whitham, T., Bailey, J., Schweitzer, J., Shuster, S., Bangert, R. K., LeRoy, C., et al. (2006). A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes to ecosystems. . Nat. Rev. Genet., 7, 510-523.
  • Woodroffe, G. (2006). Mammals. British Wildlife, 17, 194.

2005

  • Appelbee, A. J., Thompson, R. C. A., & Olson, M. E. (2005). Giardia and Cryptosporidium in mammalian wildlife – current status and future needs. Trends in Parasitology, 21(8), 370-376.
  • Babik, W., Durka, W., & Radwan, J. (2005). Sequence diversity of the MHC DRB gene in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Molecular Ecology, 14(14), 4249-4257.
  • Baker, B. W., Ducharme, H. C., Mitchell, D. C. S., Stanley, T. R., & Peinetti, H. R. (2005). Interaction of beaver and elk herbivory reduces standing crop of willow. Ecological Applications, 15(1), 110-118.
  • Barnes, D. M. (2005). Possible tool use by Beavers, Castor canadensis, in a northern Ontario watershed. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 119(3), 441-443.
  • Benda, L., Hassan, M. A., Church, M., & May, C. L. (2005). Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41(null), 835.
  • Boudreau, R. E. A., Galloway, J. M., Patterson, R. T., Kumar, A., & Michel, F. A. (2005). A paleolimnological record of Holocene climate and environmental change in the Temagami region, northeastern Ontario. Journal of Paleolimnology, 33(4), 445-461.
  • Bovet, J. (2005). The maleness of male beavers: A response to Margot Francis. Journal of Historical Sociology, 18(1-2), 122-124.
  • Bulte, E., & Rondeau, D. (2005). Why compensating wildlife damages may be bad for conservation. Journal of Wildlife Management, 69, 14-19.
  • Butler, D. R., & Malanson, G. P. (2005). The geomorphic influences of beaver dams and failures of beaver dams. Geomorphology, 71(1-2), 48-60.
  • Campbell, R. D., Rosell, F., Nolet, B. A., & Dijkstra, V. A. A. (2005). Territory and group sizes in Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber): echoes of settlement and reproduction? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(6), 597-607.
  • Casey, A., Krausman, P., Shaw, W., & Shaw, H. (2005). Knowledge of and attitudes toward mountain lions: a public survey of residents adjacent to Saguaro National park, Arizona. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 10, 29-38.
  • Caudill, C. C. (2005). Trout predators and demographic sources and sinks in a mayfly metapopulation. Ecology, 86(4), 935-946.
  • Ducroz, J. F., Stubbe, M., Saveljev, A. P., Heidecke, D., Samjaa, R., Ulevicius, A., et al. (2005). Genetic variation and population structure of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber in Eastern Europe and Asia. Journal of Mammalogy, 86(6), 1059-1067.
  • Durka, W., Babik, W., Ducroz, J. F., Heidecke, D., Rosell, F., Samjaa, R., et al. (2005). Mitochondrial phylogeography of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber L. Molecular Ecology, 14(12), 3843-3856.
  • Ervin, G. N. (2005). Spatio-temporally variable effects of a dominant macrophyte on vascular plant neighbors. Wetlands, 25(2), 317-325.
  • Fanden, A. (2005). Ageing the beaver (Castor fiber L.): A skeletal development and life history calendar based on epiphyseal fusion. Archaeofauna, 14, 199-213.
  • Gleason, J. S., Hoffman, R. A., & Wendland, J. M. (2005). Beavers, Castor canadensis, feeding on salmon carcasses: Opportunistic use of a seasonally superabundant food source. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 119(4), 591-593.
  • Hebblewhite, M., White, C. A., Nietvelt, C. G., McKenzie, J. A., Hurd, T. E., Fryxell, J. M., et al. (2005). Human activity mediates a trophic cascade caused by wolves. Ecology, 86(8), 2135-2144.
  • Hicks, B. J., Wipfli, M. S., Lang, D. W., & Lang, M. E. (2005). Marine-derived nitrogen and carbon in freshwater-riparian food webs of the Copper River Delta, southcentral Alaska. Oecologia, 144(4), 558-569.
  • Hofbauer, P., Schnake, F. G., Ramm, O. S., Lopez, A. J. L., Smulders, F. J. M., Bauer, F., et al. (2005). Studies on muscular topography and meat properties of beavers (Castor canadensis) caught in Tierra del Fuego, Chile. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift, 92(7), 157-164.
  • Jankowska, B., Zmijewski, T., Kwiatkowska, A., & Korzeniowski, W. (2005). The composition and properties of beaver (Castor fiber) meat. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 51(4), 283-286.
  • Jordan, C. N., Kaur, T., Koenen, K., DeStefano, S., Zajac, A. M., & Lindsay, D. S. (2005). Prevalence of agglutinating antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona in beavers (Castor canadensis) from Massachusetts. Journal of Parasitology, 91(5), 1228-1229.
  • Kim, J. H., Lee, J. Y., & Choi, S. H. (2005). Odontoplasty for the treatment of malocclusion of the incisor teeth in a beaver (Castor canadensis). Veterinary Record, 156(4), 114-115.
  • Lawson, P. A., Foster, G., Falsen, E., Markopoulos, S. J., & Collins, M. D. (2005). Streptococcus castoreus sp nov., isolated from a beaver (Castor fiber). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55, 843-846.
  • MacCracken, J. G. a. L., A.D. (2005). Selection of in-stream wood structures by beaver in the Bear River, Southwest Washington. Northwestern Naturalist, 86(2), 49-58.
  • MASR. (2005). Millenium Ecosystem Assessment Report. Wahington DC: The MA, World Resources Institute.
  • Mayor, S. J., & Schaefer, J. A. (2005). The many faces of population density. Oecologia, 145(2), 276-281.
  • McNew, L. B., & Woolf, A. (2005). Dispersal and survival of juvenile beavers (Castor canadensis) in southern Illinois. American Midland Naturalist, 154(1), 217-228.
  • Morrison, A. (2005). Trial re-introduction of the European beaver to Knapdale: public health monitoring 2001–3. : Scottish Natural Heritage
  • Muller-Schwarze, D., & Haggart, D. P. (2005). From the field: A better beaver trap – new safety device for live traps. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 33(1), 359-361.
  • Nolet, B. (2005 ). Nature’s engineers: The beaver’s return to the Netherlands. . Seeking Nature’s Limits. Ecologists in the field. 259-264 259-264
  • Nolet, B. A., Broftova, L., Heitkonig, I. M. A., Vorel, A., & Kostkan, V. (2005). Slow growth of a translocated beaver population partly due to a climatic shift in food quality. Oikos, 111(3), 632-640.
  • Nummi, P. e. a. (2005). Breeding success of teals Anas crecca varies for different lakes. Suomen Riista, 51, 27-34.
  • Perkins, T. E., & Wilson, M. V. (2005). The impacts of Phalaris arundinacea (reed canarygrass) invasion on wetland plant richness in the Oregon Coast Range, USA depend on beavers. Biological Conservation, 124(2), 291-295.
  • Philip, L., & MacMillan, D. (2005). Exploring Values, Context and Perceptions in Contingent Valuation Studies: The CV Market Stall Technique and Willingness to Pay for Wildlife Conservation. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 48, 257-274.
  • Pollock, M., Pess, G., Beechie, T., & Montgomery, D. (2005). The Importance of Beaver (Castor Canadensis) to Coho Habitat and Trend in Beaver Abundance in the Oregon Coast Coho ESU (No. Part 4(C) ODFW (7)Beaver  Final Report).
  • Potvin, F., Breton, L., & Courtois, R. (2005). Response of beaver, moose, and snowshoe hare to clear-cutting in a Quebec boreal forest: a reassessment 10 years after cut. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere, 35(1), 151-160.
  • Quinn, N. W. S. (2005). Reconstructing changes in abundance of White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus, Moose, Alces alces, and Beaver, Castor canadensis, in Algonquin Park, Ontario, 1860-2004. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 119(3), 330-342.
  • Reddoch, J. M., & Reddoch, A. H. (2005). Consequences of Beaver, Castor canadensis, flooding on a small shore fen in southwestern Quebec. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 119(3), 385-394.
  • Rosell, F., Bozser, O., Collen, P., & Parker, H. (2005). Mammal Review, 35(null), 248.
  • Rosell, F., Bozser, O., Collen, P., & Parker, H. (2005). Ecological impact of beavers Castor fiber and Castor canadensis and their ability to modify ecosystems. Mammal Review, 35(3-4), 248-276.
  • Rybczynski, N., Fish, F., McLellan, W. A., & Pabst, D. A. (2005). The beaver tail: Function in swimming and connective-tissue structure. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 45(6), 1187-1187.
  • Sager, H., Konjevic, D., Grubesic, M., Janicki, Z., Severin, K., & Beck, R. (2005). Stichorchis subtriquetrus in European beaver from Croatia: first report. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 51(1), 63-64.
  • Stanford, J. A., Lorang, M. S., & Hauer, F. R. (2005). Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 29(null), 123.
  • Tambets, M., Jarvekulg, R., Veeroja, R., Tambets, J., & Saat, T. (2005). Amplification of negative impact of beaver dams on fish habitats of rivers in extreme climatic condition. Abstract only Journal of Fish Biology, 67, 275-276.
  • Woodroffe, G. (2005). A trial reintroduction of the European Beaver. British Wildlife, 16, 381-384.

2004

  • Adams, W. M. (2004). Against extinction: the story of conservation. London: Earthscan.
  • Aguilar, A., Roemer, G., Debenham, S., Binns, M., Garcelon, D., & Wayne, R. (2004). High MHC diversity maintained by balancing selection in an otherwise genetically monomorphic mammal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 101, 3490-3494.
  • Andersone, A., & Ozolins, J. (2004). Food habits of wolves Canis lupus in Latvia. Acta Theriologica, 49(3), 357-367.
  • Benda, L., Poff, N. L., Miller, D., Dunne, T., Reeves, G., Pess, G. R., et al. (2004). BioScience, 54, 413.
  • Bonesi, L., & D.W., M. (2004). Differential habitat use promotes sustainable coexistence between the specialist otter and the generalist mink. Oikos, 106, 509-519.
  • Butts, W. L. (2004). Changes in distribution and abundance of mosquito populations in an ecological research tract over a 35-year period. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 20(3), 319-320.
  • Curtis, P. D., & Jensen, P. G. (2004). Habitat features affecting beaver occupancy along roadsides in New York state. Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(2), 278-287.
  • Drozdz, J., Demiaszkiewicz, A. W., & Lachowicz, J. (2004). Endoparasites of the beaver Castor fiber (L.) in northeast Poland. Helminthologia, 41(2), 99-101.
  • Forzan, M. J., & Frasca, S. (2004). Systemic toxoplasmosis in a five-month-old beaver, (Castor canadensis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 35(1), 113-115.
  • Gallant, D., Berube, C. H., Tremblay, E., & Vasseur, L. (2004). An extensive study of the foraging ecology of beavers (Castor canadensis) in relation to habitat quality. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 82(6), 922-933.
  • Gamborg, C., Sandøe, P. (2004). Beavers and biodiversity: the ethics of ecological restoration. In M. Oksanen, Pietarinen, J. (Ed.), Philosophy and Biodiversity (pp. 217-236). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gamborg, C., & Sandøe, P. (2004). Beavers and biodiversity: the ethics of ecological restoration. In M. Oksanen & J. Pietarinen (Eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity (pp. 217-236). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hartke, K. M., & Hepp, G. R. (2004). Habitat use and preferences of breeding female wood ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(1), 84-93.
  • Hartman, G., & Axelsson, A. (2004). Effect of watercourse characteristics on food-caching behaviour by European beaver, Castor fiber. Animal Behaviour, 67, 643-646.
  • Herr, J., & Rosell, F. (2004). Use of space and movement patterns in monogamous adult Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber). Journal of Zoology, 262, 257-264.
  • Hillman, G. R., Feng, J. C., Feng, C. C., & Wang, Y. H. (2004). Effects of catchment characteristics and disturbances on storage and export of dissolved organic carbon in a boreal headwater stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61(8), 1447-1460.
  • Industry, D. o. T. a. (2004). The Foresight Future Flooding Report. London: Office of Science and Technology.
  • Krylov, A. V. (2004). Distribution of zooplankton along the longitudinal profile of two disturbed small rivers of the Upper Volga basin. Russian Journal of Ecology, 35(5), 316-323.
  • Lesica, P., & Miles, S. (2004). Beavers indirectly enhance the growth of Russian olive and tamarisk along eastern Montana Rivers. Western North American Naturalist, 64(1), 93-100.
  • Lewkowicz, A. G., & Coultish, T. L. (2004). Beaver damming and palsa dynamics in a subarctic mountainous environment, Wolf Creek, Yukon Territory, Canada. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 36(2), 208-218.
  • Lindstrom, J. W., & Hubert, W. A. (2004). Ice processes affect habitat use and movements of adult cutthroat trout and brook trout in a Wyoming foothills stream. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 24(4), 1341-1352.
  • Lizarralde, M., Escobar, J., & Deferrari, G. (2004). Invader species in Argentina: A review about the beaver (Castor canadensis) population situation on Tierra del Fuego ecosystem. Interciencia, 29(7), 352-+.
  • McHale, M. R., Cirmo, C. P., Mitchell, M. J., & McDonnell, J. J. (2004). Wetland nitrogen dynamics in an Adirondack forested watershed. Hydrological Processes, 18(10), 1853-1870.
  • Milishnikov, A. N. (2004). Population-genetic structure of beaver (Castor fiber L., 1758) communities and estimation of effective reproductive size N-e of an elementary population. Russian Journal of Genetics, 40(7), 772-781.
  • Pollock, M. M., Pess, G. R., & Beechie, T. J. (2004). The importance of beaver ponds to coho salmon production in the Stillaguamish River basin, Washington, USA. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 24(3), 749-760.
  • Quinn, N. W. S. (2004). The presettlement hardwood forests and wildlife of Algonquin Provincial Park: A synthesis of historic evidence and recent research. Forestry Chronicle, 80(6), 705-717.
  • Ranheim, B., Rosell, F., Haga, H. A., & Arnemo, J. M. (2004). Field anaesthetic and surgical techniques for implantation of intraperitoneal radio transmitters in Eurasian beavers Castor fiber. Wildlife Biology, 10(1), 11-15.
  • Ray, H. L., Ray, A. M., & Rebertus, A. J. (2004). Rapid establishment of fish in isolated peatland beaver ponds. Wetlands, 24(2), 399-405.
  • Rinaldi, C., & Cole, T. M. (2004). Environmental seasonality and incremental growth rates of beaver (Castor canadensis) incisors: implications for palaeobiology. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 206(3-4), 289-301.
  • Ripple, W. J., & Beschta, R. L. (2004). Wolves and the ecology of fear: Can predation risk structure ecosystems? Bioscience, 54(8), 755-766.
  • Rosell, F., & Schulte, B. A. (2004). Sexual dimorphism in the development of scent structures for the obligate monogamous Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Journal of Mammalogy, 85(6), 1138-1144.
  • Rosell, F., & Steifetten, O. (2004). Subspecies discrimination in the Scandinavian beaver (Castor fiber): combining behavioral and chemical evidence. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 82(6), 902-909.
  • Schley, L. (2004). Characteristics of trees and shrubs felled by a Eurasian beaver. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb., 105, 133-136.
  • Suzuki, N., & McComb, B. C. (2004). Associations of small mammals and amphibians with beaver-occupied streams in the oregon coast range. Northwest Science, 78(4), 286-293.
  • Tärnvik, A., Priebe, H.-S., & Grunow, R. (2004). Tularaemia in Europe: An epidemiological overview. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 36, 350-355.
  • Teels, B. M., Mazanti, L. E., & Rewa, C. A. (2004). Using an IBI to assess effectiveness of mitigation measures to replace loss of a wetland-stream ecosystem. Wetlands, 24(2), 375-384.
  • Telfer, E. S. (2004). Continuing environmental change – An example from Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 118(1), 39-44.
  • Thomsen, D. R., Sharpe, F., & Rosell, F. (2004). Collapsing burrow causes death of a Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 118(3), 434-435.
  • Williams, C. L., Breck, S. W., & Baker, B. W. (2004). Genetic methods improve accuracy of gender determination in beavers. Journal of Mammalogy, 85(6), 1145-1148.
  • Wilson, C. (2004). Could we live with reintroduced large carnivores in the UK? . Mammal Review, 34, 211-252.
  • Wilson, C. J. (2004). Could we live with reintroduced large carnivores in the UK? Mammal Review, 34(3), 211-232.
  • Wright, J. P., Gurney, W. S. C., & Jones, C. G. (2004). Patch dynamics in a landscape modified by ecosystem engineers. Oikos, 105(2), 336-348.

2003

  • Allen, T. F. H., Giampietro, M., & Little, A. M. (2003). Distinguishing ecological engineering from environmental engineering. Ecological Engineering, 20(5), 389-407.
  • Baker, B. W., Hill, E. P.   . (2003). Beaver (Castor canadensis). In G. A. Feldhamer, Thompson, B. C., Chapman, J. A.  (Ed.), Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. (Second Edition ed., pp. 288-310). Baltimore, Maryland, USA.: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Bluzma, P. (2003). Beaver abundance and beaver site use in a hilly landscape (eastern Lithuania). Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 13(1), 8-14.
  • Breck, S. W., & Gaynor, J. S. (2003). Comparison of isoflurane and sevoflurane for anesthesia in beaver. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 39(2), 387-392.
  • Breck, S. W., Wilson, K. R., & Andersen, D. C. (2003). Beaver herbivory and its effect on cottonwood trees: Influence of flooding along matched regulated and unregulated rivers. River Research and Applications, 19(1), 43-58.
  • Breck, S. W., Wilson, K. R., & Andersen, D. C. (2003). Beaver herbivory of willow under two flow regimes: A comparative study on the green and Yampa Rivers. Western North American Naturalist, 63(4), 463-471.
  • Brown, T. N., Johnston, C. A., & Cahow, K. R. (2003). Lateral flow routing into a wetland: field and model perspectives. Geomorphology, 53(1-2), 11-23.
  • Buller, H. (2003). Where the wild things are: the evolving iconography of rural fauna. Journal of Rural Studies, 10, 131-141.
  • Cope, D., Pettifor, R., Griffin, L., & Rowcliffe, J. (2003). Integrating farming and wildlife conservation: the Barnacle Goose Management Scheme. Biological Conservation, 110, 113-122.
  • Cullen, C. L. (2003). Normal ocular features, conjunctival microflora and intraocular pressure in the Canadian beaver (Castor canadensis). Veterinary Ophthalmology, 6(4), 279-284.
  • Cvetkovich, G., & Winter, P. (2003). Trust and social representations of the management of threatened and endangered species. Environment and Behavior, 35, 286-307.
  • DeGraaf, R. M., & Yamasaki, M. (2003). Options for managing early-successional forest and shrubland bird habitats in the northeastern United States. Forest Ecology and Management, 185(1-2), 179-191.
  • DeStefano, S., & DeGraaf, R. M. (2003). Exploring the ecology of suburban wildlife. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1(2), 95-101.
  • Duggal, P., Klein, A. P., Lee, K. E., Klein, R., Bailey-Wilson, J., & Klein, B. K. (2003). Segregation analysis of intraocular pressure in the beaver dam eye study. American Journal of Human Genetics, 73(5), 400-400.
  • Ericsson, G., & Heberlein, T. (2003). Attitudes of hunters, locals, and the general public in Sweden now that the wolves are back. . Biological Conservation, 111, 149-159.
  • Fustec, J., Cormier, J. P., & Lode, T. (2003). Beaver lodge location on the upstream Loire River. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 326, S192-S199.
  • Gabrys, G., & Wazna, A. (2003). Subspecies of the European beaver Castor fiber Linnaeus, 1758. Acta Theriologica, 48(4), 433-439.
  • K, J., D, G., N, W., & M, G. (2003). Felling and foraging: results of the first year of beaver (Castor fiber) activity in an enclosed Scottish site. Lutra, 46, 163-172.
  • Litvaitis, J. A. (2003). Are pre-Columbian conditions relevant baselines for managed forests in the northeastern United States? Forest Ecology and Management, 185(1-2), 113-126.
  • Mascia, M. B., Brosius, J. P., Dobson, T. A., Forbes, B. C., Horowitz, L., McKean, M. A., et al. (2003). Conservation and the Social Sciences. Conservation Biology, 17(3), 649-650.
  • McKinstry, M. C., & Anderson, S. H. (2003). Survival, fates, and success of transplanted beavers (Castor canadensis) in Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, 26(3), 17-23.
  • McTaggart, S. T., & Nelson, T. A. (2003). Composition and demographics of beaver (Castor canadensis) colonies in central Illinois. American Midland Naturalist, 150(1), 139-150.
  • Müller-Schwarze, D., & Sun, L. (2003). The beaver: natural history of wetland engineers: Cornell University Press.
  • Naughton-Treves, L., Grossberg, R., & Treves, A. (2003). Paying for tolerance: rural citizens’ attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation. Conservation Biology, 17, 1500-1511.
  • Nyhus, P., Osofsky, S., Ferraro, P., Madden, F., & Fischer, H. (2003). Bearing the costs of human-wildlife conflict: the challenges of compensation schemes. In R. Woodroffe, S. Thirgood & A. Rabinowitz (Eds.), People and Wildlife, Conflict or Coexistence? (pp. 107-121). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pearson, M. P., & Healey, M. C. (2003). Life-history characteristics of the endangered Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.) and their implications for management. Copeia(4), 759-768.
  • Pidgeon, N., Kasperson, R., & Slovic, P. (Eds.). (2003). The Social Amplification of Risk Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pollock, M. M., Heim, M., & Werner, D. (2003). American Fisheries Society Symposium, 37(null), 213.
  • Raffel, T. R., & Gatz, A. J. (2003). The orientation of beavers (Castor canadensis) when cutting trees. Ohio Journal of Science, 103(5), 143-146.
  • Rikkinen, J. (2003). New resinicolous ascomycetes from beaver scars in western North America. Annales Botanici Fennici, 40(6), 443-450.
  • Rosemond, A. D., & Anderson, C. B. (2003). Engineering role models: do non-human species have the answers? Ecological Engineering, 20(5), 379-387.
  • Sears, H. J., Theberge, J. B., Theberge, M. T., Thornton, I., & Campbell, G. D. (2003). Landscape influence on Canis morphological and ecological variation in a Coyote-Wolf C-lupus x latrans hybrid zone, southeastern Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 117(4), 589-600.
  • Sharpe, F., & Rosell, F. (2003). Time budgets and sex differences in the Eurasian beaver. Animal Behaviour, 66, 1059-1067.
  • Sheail, J. (2003). Government and the management of an alien pest species: a British perspective. Landscape Research, 28, 101-111.
  • Shirley, M. D. F., Rushton, S. P., Smith, G. C., South, A. B., & Lurz, P. W. W. (2003). Investigating the spatial dynamics of bovine tuberculosis in badger populations: evaluating an individual-based simulation model. Ecological Modelling, 167, 139-157.
  • Sidorovich, V. E., Tikhomirova, L. L., & Jedrzejewska, B. (2003). Wolf Canis lupus numbers, diet and damage to livestock in relation to hunting and ungulate abundance in northeastern Belarus during 1990-2000. Wildlife Biology, 9(2), 103-111.
  • Tedford, R. H., & Harington, C. R. (2003). An Arctic mammal fauna from the Early Pliocene of North America. Nature, 425(6956), 388-390.
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More to come….